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【特稿】聖經真理的重尋(82)

 

屬靈產業(提摩太後書第一章)

保羅在此稱提摩太為他「親愛的兒子」(2節),由於在《提摩太前書》中,保羅希望他暫代他處理教會的事工,如今知道自己要留在獄中,乃極力鼓勵這「屬靈兒子」打好根基得以牧養群羊。又提醒提摩太,其實他已擁有屬靈產業:就是他從外祖母及親母自小得到的《聖經》教導(5節及3:15)。同時,在聖職上,他曾被按立,因此心不要膽怯,乃要剛強、仁愛、謹守。在傳福音上,不要以「為主作見證」為恥,相反地,「要與我同受苦難(在原文只是一字syn﹝together﹞kako﹝bad﹞patheson﹝suffer﹞,只出現在此處及2:3)」(8節),意即「一同忍受邪惡的對待」,「擔當被人惡待的命運」。

上帝僕人(提摩太後書第二章)

試想想,如何去說明「上帝的僕人」?保羅告訴我們:

(一)上帝的僕人如小孩(1節,「我兒阿」),要有單純順服的心﹔

(二)上帝的僕人如精兵(3, 4節):要受苦,要不將世務纏身,要以得召他的人的喜悅為目標﹔

(三)上帝的僕人如運動員(5節):必須按《聖經》中的規矩,並以得冠冕為鼓勵﹔

(四)上帝的僕人如農夫(6節):必須勞力,當先得糧食﹔

(五)上帝的僕人如工人(14-19節):必須勉勵別人避免爭論,又當竭力,在上帝面前得蒙喜悅,作無愧的工人,按著正意分解真理的道﹔

(六) 上帝的僕人如器皿(20-23節):要先靠主自潔,脫離卑賤的事,成為聖潔,合乎主用。

神所默示(提摩太後書第三章)

保羅在《提摩太後書》第三章告訴提摩太要抵擋背道的事:背道的事是發生在現今(「末世」,1節)這個時代,而其性質包括:

(1)對自己,「專顧自己,貪財,自誇,狂傲」﹔

(2)對家庭,「違背父母,無親情」﹔

(3)對別人,「賣主賣友」﹔

(4)對上帝,「自高自大,愛宴樂,不愛上帝」﹔

(5)對宗教,「偷進人家,終久不能明白真道」。

而防範背道的事有三個方法:

(一)服從屬靈領袖的教訓、品行、志向、信心、寬容、愛心、忍耐,且有受苦的心志(10-13節)﹔

(二)以從小所得屬靈教育作基礎(14, 15節)﹔

(三)以《聖經》的真理作保障(16, 17節),因為「《聖經》是神所默示的」,可以解決以上各種背道的事。

務要傳道(提摩太後書第四章)

在《提摩太後書》第四章中,保羅論及作傳道的功夫:無論在有利或不利的日子都要傳道,並且要隨時準備,隨傳隨到(「專心」),要存忍耐的心志,內容也要多方面的(2節)。同時,保羅在臨別贈言(《提摩太後書》可以說是保羅的遺囑,6節)中,說明他自己的一生,「那美好的仗我已經打過了;當跑的路我已經跑盡了;所信的道我已經守住了」(7節)。是的,基督徒每天都要打仗,且要打美好的仗,不被魔鬼所勝;基督徒每天都要跑主的路;基督徒每天都要守住所信的道,不為任何世界理論、學說所動。而保羅期望主所賜的「公義冠冕」,也正是主要賜給「凡愛慕祂顯現的人」的,因為他們已打美好的仗、跑盡主的道、守住所信的道。

神的僕人(提多書第一章)

《提多書》與《提摩太前書》十分相似,可以說是《提摩太前書》的精本,是保羅寫給他另一個屬靈兒子的私人函件,但卻在信徒中宣讀。本書的問候語和自薦語(1-3節)是保羅所寫信中最長的,也是他唯一稱自己作「上帝的僕人」(1節)的書信,同時本書信稱上帝(2:10,3:4)和基督為救主(4節,2:13,3:6),這種稱呼也出現在前兩卷「教牧書信」中。《提多書》第一章,內容講到(一)長老的設立(5-9節)被設立者要「樂意接待遠人,好善、莊重、公平、聖潔、自持、堅守所教真實的道理」(8節)。(二)認識假傳道的危險(10-16節),就要「嚴嚴的責備他們,使他們在真道上純全無疵」(13節)。

信徒品德(提多書第二章)

《提多書》第二章的主題是:「如何傳講純正道理」。而傳講純正道理的重點是如何將之表現在日常生活上?此處對不同年齡、性別、地位的信徒,都有具體的教導:(1)長者不要以為在品德上一定強於少年人,在有經驗中仍要更新,「要有節制、端莊、自守,在信心、愛心、忍耐上,都要純全無疵」(2節)﹔(2)女長者不說讒言,不醉酒(3節)﹔(3)少年婦人的品德都屬家庭方面(4, 5節),特別指出應順服丈夫﹔(4)少年人在克制血氣方剛上要下工夫﹔(5)提多身為牧者,當用言語及行為作教導,使攻擊者羞愧(7, 8節)﹔(6)信徒在未信的家庭中,要更樂於盡奴僕之責,「以致凡事尊榮我們救主上帝的道」(9, 10節)。

奉公守法(提多書第三章)

《提多書》第三章論及信徒應有的品德(1-11節)。(1) 要奉公守法(1節)﹔ (2)要溫柔待人(2節)﹔ (3)要有聖靈的更新(3-7節),將未信主前和信主後的生活來個對比:再重申上一章11-15節的教導:說明人得救不是靠自己,而是完全靠上帝的憐憫。「重生的洗」(5節)不是說受水禮得重生,而是說信主的人因上帝的憐憫和恩典得到新生命,受洗只是重生的表徵,所以說:「重生的洗和聖靈的更新」。這裡正面表明三位一體的教義:上帝的恩典、基督的救贖和聖靈的更新。第8節更進一步說明:教會(「已信上帝的人」)應關注社會的需要,我們有責任幫助促進人們的安寧和進步。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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