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【特稿】聖經真理的重尋(76)

 

牧者職事(哥林多後書第三章

保羅在《哥林多後書》第三章說明牧者的職事:(1) 乃非自薦的職事(1-3節),傳道人服事主,不是人的舉薦,也不是自我舉薦;保羅將哥林多教會比作基督寫的信,他只是抄寫人,而這信是用信徒得贖的生命和新樣式的生活寫成,用墨寫的會褪色,也可以抹去,但是人從上帝所得到的生命是永遠且完美無瑕的。(2) 乃稱義(新約)的職事(4-18節),目的叫人活(6節下),使人得自由(17節)。「主就是那靈,主的靈在哪裡,那裡就得以自由」,律法對罪人所宣佈的刑罰和死亡,只有回歸轉向主基督才能脫離,並可從祂那裡得到新的、自由的生命,這生命變成主的形狀,榮上加榮。要如此,必須每天與主面對面相交。

牧者生活(哥林多後書第四章)

至於傳道人的生活,乃是:(1) 忠心盡責(1-6節)-- 上帝已將光照亮我們的心,我們要將光照出去,使人認識上帝的榮光。(2) 顯明福音的能力(7-12節)-- 在屬靈上說,傳道人為主的緣故常置於死地,卻因此使信徒得著生命。(3) 憑信說話傳道(13-18節)--「凡事都是為你們,好叫恩惠因人多越發加增,感謝格外顯多,以致榮耀歸與上帝」(15節)。何況,舊人(外體 outward man)雖然敗壞,而新造的人(內體 inward man)卻日日新。意即:傳道人的生活,因外體受磨煉,內心卻天天更新;外體的毀壞,不影響內裡的心志(16節)。(17節)是信徒對苦難應有的認識和態度,這樣就能排除萬難為主傳福音。

傳道人生(哥林多後書第五章)

《哥林多後書》第五章,論及傳道人的人生觀(1) 為主而活的盼望(1-5節)-- 此處「帳棚」指血肉之軀,「房屋」指永生之體。從舊約背景來看:信心之父亞伯拉罕蒙上帝呼召離本鄉後,一直都過著帳棚生活,以等候承受應許之地迦南為業。(2) 為主而活的人生觀(6-13節)-- 保羅熱心傳道,為主大發熱心,在人看以他為癲狂(徒26:24,主耶穌也曾如此,參可3:21),但他聲明:「我們若果癲狂,是為上帝;若果謹守,是為你們(信徒)(13節)。」(3) 為主而活的動力(14-17節)-- 主愛的激勵(14, 15節)及成為新造的人(16, 17節)。(4) 為主而活的使命(18-21節)-- 將上帝與人和好的道理傳揚。

職分本質(哥林多後書第六章)

《哥林多後書》第六章,論及(1) 傳道人的見証(1-7節)--「我們凡事都不叫人有妨礙,免得這職分被人毀謗」(3節)。教會中有不同意見,這是正常的,牧者處於屬靈領導之位,帶領信徒不去妨礙聖工的推動。(2) 傳道職份的本質(8-10節)-- 這職分是不易被人了解的:「榮耀?羞辱?惡名?美名?似乎是誘惑人的,卻是誠實的。似乎不為人所知,卻是人所共知的。似乎是死,卻是活著的。似乎受責罰,卻是不至喪命的。似乎是憂愁的,卻是快樂的。似乎貧窮,卻是叫許多人富足的。似乎一無所有,卻是樣樣都有的。」因此,最清楚牧者這職分的,是選召他的主耶穌和死在這職分中的傳道人自己。

分別為聖(哥林多後書第七章)

保羅以屬靈父親的身份向哥林多教會表明:(1) 盼望他們的生活分別為聖(6:14-7:1)。其中「你們與不信的原不相配,不要同負一軛,義和不義有甚麼相交呢?......信主和不信主的有甚麼相干呢?」(6:14-15)原意並不是指信主的不可與不信的人結婚,但也可以借用。而(7:1)「應許」乃指(6:16-18)而言。(2) 真誠對他們的要求和關切(2:4節)-- 要求他們接納,關切到情願與他們同生死。(3) 保羅的安慰和信任(5-16節)-- 信任的重點是「在凡事上為你們放心」(16節),「安慰」二字在此段出現過五次(6, 7, 13節),都與保羅屬靈兒子提多(多1:4)有關,可見一個好弟兄,在牧者與肢體之間有安慰的作用。

樂捐之心(哥林多後書第八章)

保羅在本章中,提到耶路撒冷教會當日在經濟上的困難,因為耶路撒冷城正遭遇饑荒,保羅要為那裡的需要發動捐獻,並勸勉哥林多教會的會眾當在這事上盡一分棉力,叫他們以馬其頓教會之樂捐及主耶穌為榜樣(1-9節)﹐「你們知道我們主耶穌的恩典,祂本是富足,卻為你們成了貧窮;叫你們因祂貧窮可以成為富足」。並提供一些捐獻的意見:(1) 要有始有終(10, 11節);(2) 要按力而捐(12節);(3) 要人人參與,彼此相助(13, 14節);(4) 要明白經訓(15節)。保羅又派代表勸勉他們(16節及9:5)。在教會中,每個信徒都應有幫助有需要的肢體的心和行動,這卻不可與「奉獻給上帝」混為一談。

要多施予(哥林多後書第九章)

在《哥林多後書》第九章中,保羅繼續向哥林多教會說明樂捐的賞賜以作鼓勵,共有六點:(1) 奉獻金錢不是損失,種和收成正比例 --「少種的少收,多種的多收」(6節)。事實上,樂捐的也不計較收回,基督教並沒有「回報」的觀念,因為賞賜乃來自上帝。(2) 捐得樂意是上帝稱許(approves, values),「因為捐得樂意的人,是上帝所喜愛的」(7節)。(3) 人樂捐仁義之舉,所產生的果效是永存的(9節)。(4) 樂捐叫人凡事富足,更有能力多多施予(11節)。(5) 樂捐令多人向上帝感恩,多榮耀上帝(12-13節)。(6) 樂捐的人多蒙想念,多人代求「他們因上帝極大恩賜......想念你們,為你們祈禱」(14節)。

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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