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【日本樂散步】進化而成更好?

 

Chion 1

 


日本的俗用詞也如科技一樣天天日新月異,常有一頭霧水、不知所解的情況。「進化」這學術字為什麼經常出現在各大廣告商品上或媒介中?近年日本人用「進化」這字時經常與科學一點關係都沒有,是用於表達積極進步及改良的正面詞—「進而化成更好的」,如提高產品的品質或更新用途;運動選手修改訓練課程而創出新記錄;人類的習慣因生活變化改變或改進;商店的服務改善後更貼近顧客需要;研究出更健康更美味的農牧物等,都是所謂「進化」的狀態及情況。

最受重視的未來主人翁—孩子們的身上就更多改良「進化」的事例。

小學生到八十歲婆婆都會唱的國民童謠「お弁當箱之歌」(便當之歌),歌詞主角飯團變成三文治,配菜由紅蘿蔔、車厘子、香菇、牛蒡變草苺、火腿、青瓜及蕃茄。因為新一代幼稚園小朋友的便當已「進化」成各式各樣的三文治或麵料理,吃飯團的孩子成了少之又少的稀有派,長壽大國的傳統飲食習慣已不知不覺變化了。

日本學校最為常見的石雕像,古人書生二宮金次郎的手竟然由書本「進化」到拿iPad!感覺有點不倫不類,好像有人把孫中山先生銅像手拿著的枴杖、紳士帽變成公事包及手提電腦,真不是人人能接受的。二宮金次郎是舊日本江戸時代有名的思想家,少年時已非常好學,上山砍柴也不忘讀書。正常的金次郎是腳穿草鞋、背著木柴及低頭在看手拿著的書。為了更貼近現代學生的模樣,金次郎變成了手拿iPad(見圖一),有些更由站著改成坐著看書,因現代城市人多車多,大人怕小朋友有樣學樣,學雕像行路看書很危險,還是坐下看會安全些。

課室裡的黑板(這令人吃塵的懷舊物)也被淘汰,一塊塊黑板因反光,改良成曲型的綠色板,之後再加上磁石功能,較先進的區域就使用最新「進化」的電子板,接駁網絡及老師學生們的平板電腦,讓教學更多元化及多變化,「抄筆記」將成為歷史一詞。紙製的課本及作業比以前少了很多,使用平板電腦做功課越方便,有問題可以問電腦,自個兒就可以舒服地完成。因此同學及師生間的集體交流減少,從而學習人與人之間互動協調及分享的機會大減,這趨勢會不會影響到社交能力?

課內課外都用電子產品,拿筆用手指的機會少了,手部鍛練的機會激減,新一代孩子的手力比往時弱,筆盒中堅硬的HB鉛筆已漸被較軟的 6B、 4B 鉛筆取代了。

把不知名的花草昆蟲一拍,上網對照查詢,比去圖書館找百科全書或問爸媽的更快更準,探索的時間縮短,相對尋寶過程的樂趣也少了。

「午餐給食」(供應午餐)是日本學校在 1889 年發起的活動,希望成長中的孩子,不論貧富都有足夠的營養而設立的規則。給孩子吃什麼是被非常重視的,戰後食物不足時,營養豐富的奶粉是餐餐必有的。美味的牛奶出現後,難飲的奶粉水就被取替。現在每餐的食譜,由專業營養師在一定的預算中,設計及計算出最美味、又營養均衡、又多變化、又使用新鮮的地方出產的食材而做的。還要在回收剩餘物資中做統計,務求每一餐每一道菜都給每一位小朋友「完食」(完全食完,一點不剩)。「給食」真是大學問,不簡單並時時要「進化」,因為孩子的口味及營養在每個年代不停變化中,並且環境污染引至很多孩子有著各種各樣的敏感問題。一邊努力改良食物品種添口福,另一邊也追逐研究對抗最新的富貴病或傳染病,也是生活上「進化」後的一種無奈狀態。

普通父母誰會在孩子求餅時,反給他石頭呢?創造人類的主更愛著祂所造的孩子們,祂讓人有不斷進步的智慧及能力,把生活的空間變得更安全、更合適居住,由古人會鑽木取火,建屋避風雨,至現代人用電磁微波不用火煮食,住在全自動數碼屋中,人類的生活質素還不停在「進化」,在更優質的方向發展中。

而美麗大自然及奧妙的生命本質就不在「進化」的行列裡,還不斷被破壞在退步中。神造的世界千年如一,日出日落、四季輪轉、生老病死、喜怒哀樂如常,人的智慧也未能改動半點。人有追求美善、有想變得更好的動力,只可惜人至終非完美並自私利己,全世界都努力追求更豐裕的生活,同時伴著而來就是人為的環境破壞及身心靈疲勞。約伯記28章中談及智慧從何處來呢?聰明之處在哪裡呢?人們在有限智慧下所作的事、所策劃的總是有一得必就有一失,追求進步方向是否真的讓各人活得進而化成更好?

 

Chion 2

圖一:坐著看平板電腦的二宮金次郎石雕像

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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