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【讀經隨想】宣告自由的福音

 

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"你們要把第五十年分別為聖,向全地所有居民宣告自由;這一年是你們的禧年,你們各人要歸回自己的地業,歸回自己的父家。 " (利未記廿五:10)

匈牙利的愛國詩人裴多菲寫下的膾炙人口的詩篇《自由與愛情》:"生命誠可貴,愛情價更高;若為自由故,兩者皆可抛。" 這首詩在一百多年來一直激勵著全世界被壓迫的民族起來爭取自由!然而爭取民族獨立自由,無不吹響革命的號角,詩人裴多菲最後也是壯烈犧牲於戰場,抛下了嬌妻幼兒,當時年僅 26 歲。

正因為離開了神,這個世界上所有的國家民族都不會有社會平等,奴役、剝削、壓迫到處存在。唯有在獨一真神,即以色列民族的神—耶和華的律法前,才能人人平等。神透過律法,把安息日的原則延伸到第七年,定為安息年(利廿五:3-7) ,和第七個七年之後的第五十年,也叫做 "禧年" (利廿五:8-17) 。設立 "禧年" 表示土地為神所有;在這一年,所有奴隸可得釋放,土地也歸還原來的主人,故又稱為 "自由之年"(結四十六:17)、"救贖之年"(賽六十三:4)、"耶和華的恩年"(賽六十一:2) 。"禧年" 是完美正義社會的理想,"禧年" 給人一個從新開始的機會;就像如今凡接受耶穌所傳救恩信息的,都可以獲得新的生活。只是以色列的社會未曾真正遵行 "禧年" 的定例,今日也多不接受在救贖福音裡 "禧年" 的福氣。

神為何在 "禧年" "宣告所有的居民得自由" 呢?因為神盼望透過 "禧年" 能讓所有以色列人同享安息,而真正的安息是從 "自由" 開始。受壓制或奴役都是使人無法得享安息的處境,心中充滿恐懼、痛苦,如何掙脫外在的捆绑?誰能拯救他們?......唯有耶和華神。於是,"禧年" 從宣佈自由開始。無論是為奴之人、常陷於貧窮之人,甚至連長期耕耘的土地等,都得以休息。如此一來,萬有都得享自由,得著神所賜真實的平安。

然而時至今日,我們雖身處民主自由的環境,卻經常身陷追逐與爭競中,遺忘了神的存在。我們是否真享有自由呢?很多人凡事倚靠自己,被金錢、權勢或名位所束縛,過著如同奴僕般的生活。他們就像被箝在網羅之中,或許有人已覺動彈不得、難以掙脫﹐但更多人卻是渾然未覺。對他們而言,有時勞苦後需要的不是神,反而是來自世界五光十色的滿足,但換來的卻是心靈的貧乏和空虚落漠。這樣的光景,與從前那些為奴之人又有何不同?

如果有一天,你如約伯一樣失去了所有重要的部分,例如:地位、事業、家庭、金錢、健康、教會,你會有什麼感受呢?痛苦、困惑、怨恨嗎?你仍然相信神是愛你的嗎?你能相信有的時候神拿走我們所擁有的,是為了要讓我們得自由嗎?......祂要讓我們抓住神自己。當我們知道沒有了外在的一切,我們仍然可以靠著祂而活著時,我們就得自由了,因為 "身為神的兒女" 才是我們永遠的身分。耶穌能夠將我們從這樣的綑绑中贖回,在祂的愛和安息中全然恢復與重拾自由。

其實人生在世,要得享自由與安息,真不是件容易的事。除了那些外在的捆鎖之外,我們還經常生活在自義、驕傲、嫉妒、成見的管轄下。當我們心裡存著惡,就會發出惡來。因為心裡所充滿的,口裡就說出來。(太十二:35b)而所有犯罪的,就是罪的奴僕。(約八:34b) 因為人被誰制服就是誰的奴僕。(彼後二:19b) 當我們被自己的愚昧無知所束縛,被自己罪惡的繩索纏住時,如何掙脫這內在的捆绑?誰能拯救我們?......唯有神的兒子若使你們自由,你們就真的得自由了。(約八:36) 如今那些在基督耶穌裡的,就不被定罪了;因為生命之靈的律在基督耶穌裡使我自由,脫離了罪和死的律。(約八:1-2)

記得當耶穌在海上行走﹐接近一群害怕的門徒時,祂親自給了一個簡潔有力的答案:"是我,不要怕"(約六:20)嗎?這是一份充滿愛的聲音。但是,在這個充斥恐懼的世界裡,我們的內心也充滿恐懼,讓我們不知不覺變成焦慮、緊張又擔心的人。我們聽得見那個告訴我們 "不要怕" 的聲音嗎?這樣一個安定人心的聲音,不正是我們最需要聽見的聲音嗎?


使徒約翰在他的第一封書信寫道:"愛裡没有懼怕;愛既完全,就把懼怕除去。"(約翰一書四:18a)唯有最美善的神用愛除去我們的懼怕,使我們完全得自由;饒恕我們的過犯、釋放我們內裡的罪疚感、羞愧感,使我們得平安。耶穌基督道成肉身來到人間,就是來宣告人們被拯救的好消息,恢復 "禧年" 的精神,享受神所賜的自由。親愛的朋友們,你要這份自由嗎?你想脫離這內在、外在的轄制、捆绑嗎?你願意相信這唯一能拯救你的福音嗎?

親愛的阿爸天父:

您是配得敬畏讚美的神!感謝您差派愛子耶穌降世,向世人宣告蒙拯救、得自由的大好消息,讓我們在您無條件的真愛裡得釋放。主啊!求您幫助,讓我們弟兄姐妹都能從對這世界的眷戀中得自由,並在生活裡享受神所賜的平安與安息。也求主幫助,因著我們的服事與伸出愛心的手,讓那些為世界所引誘、被虛妄偶像所綑綁的人,能夠享受真正的自由。我們如此禱告、感謝、祈求是奉耶穌基督的聖名!阿們!

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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