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Home本期文章奇異恩典 -- 看基督的代死與復活

【向陽心聲】奇異恩典 -- 看基督的代死與復活

 

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現今醫學科技猛進,新發明勝數不清,但對人類最大的仇敵——「死亡」依然一籌莫展。因為自始祖犯罪離棄神,人類的結局就是永遠沉淪,如聖經所宣告的﹕「按著命定,人人都有一死,死後且有審判。」(來九﹕27)故此,人必定會死亡,而且死後還要面對永生真神耶和華的公義審判。試想,滿身罪污的人,在全然聖潔、全知、宇宙唯一的真神耶和華面前接受審判,是多麼可怕的事情!

幸好耶和華也是位極度慈愛、滿有憐憫的神,祂愛世人至切,為拯救世人脫離永遠的沉淪,差遣獨生愛子耶穌基督降生塵世,擔當世人的罪孽,甘心捨命在十字架上,並且死後三天復活,叫一切信靠祂的人,不至滅亡,反得永生。

基督降生、代死與復活,不但改變了人類永恆的去向,也彰顯神對人類極大的恩典:

1. 彰顯神的信實

聖經記載:當始祖犯罪背逆神,與蛇同受神審判時,神對夏娃與蛇說﹕『我又要叫你和女人彼此為仇;你的後裔和女人的後裔也彼此為仇。女人的後裔要傷你的頭,你要傷他的腳跟。』(創三﹕15)女人的後裔將給撒旦致命的重擊,粉碎撒旦的權勢。女人的後裔就是由聖靈感孕,藉童貞女馬利亞所生的耶穌基督。

2. 彰顯神的大愛

聖經又記載﹕「為義人死,是少有的,為仁人死,或者有敢作的。惟有基督在我們還作罪人的時候為我們死,神的愛就在此向我們顯明了。」(羅五﹕8)

請看,神在我們叛逆祂,甚至不認識祂的時候依然深愛我們。當基督被釘身十字架,連父神也因祂所背負世人的罪孽而對祂掩面不看,處於極度痛苦中,面對十字架下那些譏誚祂的人,神兒子依然大愛盈溢。痛苦不堪、垂死的神子向父神發出響徹空際的呼求:「父啊!赦免他們,因為他們所作的他們不曉得。」

神子捨身大愛,的確比天還高,比深海更深,能不令你、我感動淚下?

3. 基督是人類惟一的救贖

救恩的代價極高,只有神兒子的寶血才有功效。聖經記載﹕「除祂(耶穌基督)以外,別無拯救,因為天下人間,沒有賜下別的名,我們可以靠著得救。」(徒四﹕12)主耶穌也親口宣告﹕「我是道路、真理、生命,若不藉著我,沒有人能到父那裏去。」(約十四﹕6)

是的,其他宗教不能救我們,即使伊斯蘭教的教主穆罕默德,他曾自稱比耶穌更大,他還不是難逃一死嗎﹖佛教的釋迦牟尼也不敢稱自己為神,祗說自己是「悟道」而已。祗有耶穌基督敢直稱自己是神,因為祂的確是神。祂的一生,完全應驗了舊約聖經一切有關祂的預言。

4.基督復活證明祂真的是神的兒子

因為「論到祂(父神)兒子我主耶穌基督﹐按肉體說,是從大衛後裔生的。按聖善的靈說,因從死裡復活,以大能顯明是神的兒子。」(羅一:3-4)。

耶稣基督復活證據眾多,簡述說如下﹕

1.聖經詳細記載
耶穌不但把自己就是「神」向世人明說,祂也多次明說自己「要受長老祭司文士許多苦,並且被殺,第三日復活。」(太十六﹕21)祂的一生,無懈可擊地一一應驗舊約聖經幾千年來指著彌賽亞所說的一切預言。

2.空墳墓的明證
耶穌的仇敵牢記主耶穌說祂死後三天復活的話,故此,耶穌被釘死後,祭司長和法利賽人「帶著看守的兵同去,封了石頭,將墳墓把守妥當。」(太廿七﹕66)嚴防門徒偷取尸體。

四福音詳細記載主的復活﹕當婦女帶著香膏,要去膏耶穌的身體,來到墳墓前卻看見大石頭已經被挪開了,她們看見天使,又把天使告訴她們主已經復活的好消息趕快告訴門徒,彼得與耶穌所愛的那個門徒一同跑到耶穌的墳墓﹕「......就看見細麻布還放在那裡,又看見耶穌的裹頭巾,沒有和細麻布放在一處,是在另一處捲著。先到墳墓的那門徒也進去,看見就信了。」(約廿﹕6-8)這段經文非常重要,證明耶穌復活的靈體已超越空間的限制,能穿越過那緊緊包裹的細麻布。

故此,「偷尸論」根本不能成立,誰會冒殺身之罪,滾開巨石偷取尸體,再把布如前捲好?這段經文也擊破了「昏迷論」,重傷昏迷的人,怎能解開緊緊捆綁自己的細麻布,再把它如原狀捲著,然後滾開墓門巨石而不被看守的兵丁發覺?故此,惟一正確的結論,就是耶穌的確是神,祂已經戰勝死亡,從死裏復活了。

3.眾人見證主的復活

此外,復活後的耶穌,到祂昇天的四十天中,曾多次向門徒顯現﹐保羅如此詳細記載﹕「......就是基督照聖經所說,為我們的罪死了。而且埋葬了。又照聖經所說,第三天復活了。並且顯給磯法看。然後顯給十二門徒看。後來一時顯給五百多弟兄看,其中一大半到如今還在,卻也有已經睡了的。以後顯給雅各看,再顯給眾使徒看。末了也顯給我看......」(林前十五﹕3-8)當時尚活著,親眼看見復活主的信徒就是最好的人證。故此,耶穌基督的復活是不容懷疑的事實。

4.信徒的改變

當耶穌被釘死後,門徒驚恐躲藏。目睹復活主後,門徒視死如歸,拼命傳揚主復活、拯救世人福音,甚至不惜犧牲生命。而基督福音所到之處,使人心悔改歸正,靠聖靈大能砍斷撒但的捆綁,從黑暗歸向光明,使凡信靠祂的人能親身經歷耶穌基督復活的大能!

而耶穌基督的復活,的確是整個基督教信仰的根基﹐也是全人類救恩的確據。
親愛的讀者﹐你認識這位愛你至切﹐為你捨命和復活的主嗎﹖

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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