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Home本期文章恐懼、無知及歧視 比病毒更可怕

【新聞後記】恐懼、無知及歧視 比病毒更可怕

 

Fear

 

一個月,各大報章、電視及電台新聞,以至社交媒體及茶餘飯後的話題,總離不開新型冠狀病毒。至截稿日,安省的確診病例由原先的 3 人減至 2 人,因為 20 多歲的倫敦市女學生已痊癒,測試結果 24 小時內,兩次呈現陰性。而有待國家化驗所進一步化驗結果的僅有 8 人。省府曾對二百多人進行了檢驗,結果全是陰性。安省首席衞生官威廉斯表示,他們對此謹慎樂觀,但不會放鬆監控。

縱使今次安省受影響的疫情似乎未有預期嚴重,加上三級政府均重申,吸收了 2003 年對抗 SARS 疫情的經驗,有信心可以有效遏止大規模社區爆發,但當年的 SARS  奪去了加拿大 44  人的性命是不改的事實,國民仍然歷歷在目,猶有餘悸,紛紛即時採取高度戒備,加強衛生保護,不敢掉以輕心。不少人立即減少到公眾或人多擠迫的地方,酒樓食肆生意大受影響。原本是農曆新年的旺季,卻換來門堪羅雀,小貓三四隻的淒涼景況。

歧視及種族主義例子俯拾皆是

疫情的巨浪未來到之際,SARS 爆發時出現的歧視及種族主義的大火卻首先再次崛起。有華裔在學校遭迴避,在街頭被騷擾,互聯網成為了散播歧視信息的主要工具。紐約時報網站有關疫情的報導,讀者評論便有不少針對中國人的歧視言論,包括:「...我在想,骯髒及不敬虔的人們通過對骯髒食物,傳播令人作嘔的疾病,難怪他們花了一千年才加入現代世界...」;互聯網流傳一段視頻,在溫哥華一個停車場上一名白人男子以「你掉了東西」、「你掉了冠狀病毒」等「笑話」,嘲諷當時一名華裔女子;即使一名 CTV 記者,在看見為他理髮的華裔髮型師戴上口罩時,於 Twitter 上載自拍照,標題是「希望我今天得到的只有髮型」,並以井號標籤新型冠狀病毒。另外,位於萬錦市的武漢麵店成為種族主義言論的受害對象,不但流失三分二顧客,更多次被人致電有否蝙蝠湯售賣;一名戴口罩女子於多倫多市中心地區乘搭公車時,被一名男子辱罵她戴口罩,女子拍下男子的照片後,被對方拉扯,並嘗試搶走相機。事主事後報警求助。

三級政府官員迅速作出回應,先後多次向公眾呼籲不要過份憂慮及歧視其他族裔。主流英語媒體亦多日以專題探討疫情觸發的社會及族裔問題。不過,政府似乎並未清楚解釋族裔間對戴囗罩的認知,以致產生了很多不必要的誤解。加拿大公共衛生官員一直認為,感染新冠狀病毒的風險極低,建議經常洗手並掩蓋咳嗽和打噴嚏,已是防止任何病毒傳播的最佳方法。他們不建議使用隔離區或口罩。西方民眾普遍認為,「戴口罩」就表示此人生了病。但包括中港台等亞洲地區,「戴口罩」是最有效保障自己及保障他人的基本防疫社區共識。華人社群幾乎天天都有關於「口罩大缺貨」、「新一批口罩到貨」的討論和貼文,顯示在北美「買口罩求自保」的華人比比皆是。相反,不少華裔批評主流人士不戴口罩是缺乏防疫意識。如政府官員能向主流社會多解釋「戴口罩」的文化差異,相信有助減少社區中出現帶歧視的「異樣目光」。

不負責任的網上資訊分享

另一方面,導致社區恐慌的其中一個主要原因,是大量不正確、錯誤甚至刻意捏造的假消息充斥互聯網及社交平台。不少人抱著寧可信其有不可信其無,又或者自認為專家,搶先把未核實的信息於社交平台上分享,以博取 Like。 最初中國女子食蝙蝠的圖片及視頻便是其中一個例子,事後證實是三年前在太平洋島國拍攝而非於中國。並非有圖就一定有真相,圖片可以改圖及合成,數據及資料來源全部可以捏造。以訛傳訛的做法,只會令大眾市民更加恐慌,不知所措。例如網上盛傳某某餐館或某某超級市場有員工剛從中國武漢回加,但沒有自我隔離等等,對有關公司造成莫大損害,需要聯同議員召開記者會澄清。

多名安省廳長、省議員、萬錦市市長、多倫多市長及市議員,已先後高調到華人餐館用膳,以示對華裔飲食業的支持。多個華人團體,包括大多市華商總會及餐飲業協會等亦先後發起支持餐館業的宣傳推廣活動,希望大家出一分力。議員及衛生官員先後表示,加強個人衛生意識防範疫情絕對正確,但過度憂慮疫情只會令恐慌情緒蔓延,甚至可以被形容為隠性歧視。聖經說,神容許災難降臨,其中一個原因是要試煉我們的信心。但願我們攜手為疫情、病人及於前線工作的醫護人員禱告,願尤如寒冬的疫情早日告一段落,令人開朗的晴朗夏日早日到來。

「......我要使這三分之一經火,熬煉他們,如熬煉銀子;試煉他們,如試煉金子。他們必求告我的名,我必應允他們。我要說:這是我的子民。他們也要說:耶和華是我們的神。」(撒迦利亞書13:9)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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