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【新聞後記】學生與家長普查敲響的警鐘

 

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多倫多公校教育局於 2018 年 11 月中公佈了每 5 年進行一次的大規模學生與家長普查(Parent and Student Census)。結果顯示,年級愈高的學生,無助感及精神心理壓力愈嚴重,他們與老師的互動關係也大不如前,尤其是華裔學生,所承受的壓力更大,情況更令人關注。遺憾的是,各大傳媒只有在報告發表當天或翌日作出零星報導,之後缺乏相關跟進及專題探討。筆者愚見,普查報告比中美貿易制裁,甚至華為副董事長兼首席財務官孟晚舟在加拿大被捕,面臨引渡到美國受審所觸發的外交風波,更值得討論及關注,因為青少年是未來社會的棟樑。報告再次爲家長及下一代敲響了警鐘,若不再正視及改善情況,下一代接班人的質素及心理精神健康狀態能否承擔責任及時代的挑戰,絕對是一大疑問。

普查在 2017 年 4 月份完成,調查對象為多倫多公校教育局第 4 至第 12 班學生及其家長,交回問卷的超過 22 萬名學生及家長。教育局今年也新增訪問第 4 至第 6 班的學生,希望能更全面地了解學生對學習及校園生活中面對的困難,作為當局之後改善政策的參考藍本。

一半高中生表示經常受壓力

普查內容相當廣泛,主要就校園生活投入程度,師生相互關係,自我認同及精神壓力等多方面收集數據。整體結論是,年紀愈小的學生,正面情緒及與老師之間的互信關係愈好,但愈高年班學生則指出與老師越來越有疏離感。高年班學生的情緒健康,也較5年前的同級生下降約 10%。當中較令人關注的主要發現包括:

1) 約 40% 受訪第 7 至 12 班學生每天有超過 2 小時對著電腦或電視,比例較 5 年前的調查高出了 10%,當中高中女生沉迷於使用社交媒體較男生尤甚,約  38% 女生幾乎全天候在社交媒體,男生比例只佔 26﹪。

2) 只有 80% 第 7 班學生表示,情緒及精神狀況良好,但 5 年前同級學生有此感受的約有 87%。5 年前第 12 班受訪中學生,約有 69% 認為自己情緒及精神狀況良好,但是次調查卻只有 60% 同級學生有此認同,女生感到情緒與精神受困擾的情況亦較男生嚴重。

3) 只有 54% 高中生認為前途充滿希望,較 5 年前的調查下跌了 4%;亦只有 60% 高中生對自己各方面均感到滿意,較 5 年前下跌了 10%。

4) 年級愈高的學生,負面情緒、壓力焦慮及孤獨感愈趨嚴重。第 7 至 12 班受訪學生中,約有 19% 表示經常感到不開心,約 22% 感到孤寂,41% 經常緊張,更有約 49% 承認經常受到壓力。

華裔學生面對雙重壓力

多倫多教育局研究統籌邱綺雯向媒體表示,學生情緒比以往低落,情況令人擔心。過往通常是華裔學生提及成績及分數這問題,但現時其他族裔也有類似憂慮,加上現今入大學競爭大,學生考不到理想分數,就會給自己很大挫敗感或壓力。華裔學生更嚴重,他們往往面對雙重壓力,很多學生不想令父母失望,而華裔學生更幾乎個個都要 90 分,如果成績差,就會覺得對不起父母或自己,加添很多壓力。成績優異的學生壓力更大,認為 95 分也不足夠,這情況非常普遍。

邱綺雯續稱,多倫多教育局正進一步跟進普查結果,向大約 40 間學校不同族裔及年齡學生進行焦點小組(Focus Group),希望透過與學生直接對話,了解普查結果背後的原因。詳細報告相信要到年底,甚至 2020 年才能發表。

為子女禱告的父母

與此同時,家長們應先檢視與子女的關係,是否只關心子女的學業成績而忽略性格品行的培養?是否安排太多興趣及補習班,令子女疲於奔命?是否對子女要求太高?有否經常將子女與親友的子女作比較?有否關心子女心理情緒的不安?有否為子女提供一個溫暖及充滿關懷的家庭環境?而作為基督徒的父母及祖父母,更要將神的說話及救恩多向下一代講解,並在禱告中為兒孫代求。

踏入 2019 年,但願我們彼此祝願新年進步,身體健康之餘,能抽出更多時間關心子女的成長,作個不是只關注學校成績的開明父母,亦要以聖經的真理及不斷的禱告,教導及扶助子女健康快樂成長。「你們作父親的,不要惹兒女的氣,只要照著主的教訓和警戒,養育他們。」(弗6:4)「教養孩童,使他走當行的道,就是到老他也不偏離。」(箴22:6)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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