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【新聞後記】學習勒住舌頭的功課

 

一年復始,萬象更新!今年農曆新年也在 1 月份,故 1 月的新年氣氛特別濃厚。所謂「忘記背後,努力面前」,很多人在新年,都會立志,希望新一年有所進步。在眾多立志或新年願望中,最普遍的相信離不開:減肥、做運動、專心工作、努力讀書等等。作為基督徒,應該再加上屬靈的立志。大多數基督徒會立志好好讀聖經,多花時間研讀神的話,好好追求;努力傳福音,拯救靈魂;又或者更熱心事奉,勤作主工。但當中有多少人會立志學習或操練舌頭的功課呢?

去年 11 月國殤紀念日前,本國著名冰棒球評論員切裡(Don Cherry)因為在電視節目上發表一番被認為帶有歧視性言論後,隨即被體育電視頻道 Sportsnet 免去 Hockey Night 內的 Coach's Corner 環節主持職位,並引發廣泛爭議。

一向以敢言及出位言論見稱的 Don Cherry,在節目中批評密西沙加市及多倫多市的新移民,甚少佩戴紀念在戰爭中陣亡士兵的罌粟襟花。他說:「你們......喜歡我們的生活、喜愛我們的牛奶及蜜糖,但至少應花幾塊錢買一朵襟花......這些人(陣亡士兵)為你們的生活付出代價,你享受在加拿大的生活,而這些人付出了最大的代價。」

Don Cherry 不當言論被撤職

Don Cherry 的評論引起軒然大波,政治人物如多倫多市長莊德利和密西沙加市長康寶麗,都在社交媒體上批評切裡失言,並重申肯定移民對本國的貢獻。專門處理觀眾對電視節目投訴的加拿大廣播標準委員會(Canadian Broadcast Standards Council)更表示,接獲太多投訴,將會以一貫方式處理,暫時不會再接受有關的投訴。

85 歲的 Don Cherry 最初一直拒絕認錯和道歉,但其後立場有所軟化,表示如果可以重來,他會比較小心選擇自己所用的字眼,不應該用「你們這些人」、而是應該用「所有人」來作為主語詞彙,這樣就不會引發問題了。

雖然批評 Don Cherry 言論帶有歧視移民色彩的說法佔多數,但不少他的支持者感到失去一位本國冰球界大師級人物是個損失,因為很多人都是看著 Don Cherry 的冰球評論節目長大的。部分支持者更上街抗議,認為 Don Cherry 只是實話實說,並不存在歧視,電視台的決定是小題大做,反應過大。

言論自由亦要為言行負責

有關注人權及種族關係的律師表示,加拿大雖然是一個言論自由的國家,但凡牽涉種族、宗教、性別、性取向的話題,必須小心謹慎。若對方感到被冒犯,便有可能構成帶有歧視的言論 。尤其 Don Cherry 是公眾人物,他在大氣電波上的言論,有很大影響力,甚至代表電視台立場,所以他有必要為他的言行負上一定責任。

1979 年「W5 」事件爆發。 CTV 電視台「W5」節目製作特輯「校園大平賣」,內容指大學專業學位都給「外國人」報讀了,使本地白人因額滿而望門輕嘆。矛頭直指華人,歪曲事實,引起全國華人公憤,華人社區組織「對抗 W5 事件行動委員會」,聯絡全國十六個城市的華人社區,對 CTV 種族歧視作出有力反控,致使 CTV 終於低首認錯,並向全國傳媒及華人社區公開道歉,表示保證今後不會重蹈覆轍,並製作特備十分鐘的節目介紹正面的華人形像以作補償。

前萬錦市副市長貝爾言論激發爭議

1995 年 6 月,當時萬錦市副市長貝爾(Carol Bell)在議會上發表的言論,稱越來越多的華人商場充斥萬錦市,大批中文招牌令原有的白人感到不快,令白人遷出萬錦市。此番言論令華人社區極度不滿,發動大多倫多市及周邊城市的 12 位市長發表聯名宣言,並聯合各大社團及商界支持,在英文報章刊登半版廣告,主要內容為:「不支持 Carole Bell 的立場,肯定包括華裔加拿大人在內的不同族裔對建設加拿大的貢獻,重申不論背景如何,所有移民都應受到加拿大的歡迎。」事件從 1995 年 6 月底開始,至 9 月底才逐漸平息,歷時 4 個月。

病從口入,禍從口出;一言興邦,一言喪邦!但願在新的一年,大家彼此勸勉,在日常生活中操練學習慎言的功課。「......原來我們在許多事上都有過失;若有人在話語上沒有過失,他就是完全人,也能勒住自己的全身。我們若把嚼環放在馬嘴裡,叫牠順服,就能調動牠的全身。看哪,船隻雖然甚大,又被大風催逼,只用小小的舵,就隨著掌舵的意思轉動。這樣,舌頭在百體裡也是最小的,卻能說大話。看哪,最小的火能點著最大的樹林;舌頭就是火,在我們百體中,舌頭是個罪惡的世界,能污穢全身,也能把生命的輪子點起來,並且是從地獄裡點著的。」(雅各書3:2-6)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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