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【新聞後記】烏煙瘴氣的加拿大

 

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2018 年 10 月 17 日,是本國歷史上重要的一天, 因為休閒大麻合法化在一片爭議聲中,正式在全國推行,令加拿大成為世界上第二個立法允許休閒大麻合法化的國家,更是七大工業國之中的首個。目前在鄰國美國,九個州和哥倫比亞特區允許使用休閒大麻,30 個州份批准大麻作醫療用途。到底今次聯邦政府強推休閒大麻合法化,能為杜魯多領導的聯邦自由黨名流千古,還是遺臭萬年,甚至要付上沈重的政治代價,明年的聯邦大選將是看成績表的時候。

華裔及亞裔社區一直反對休閒大麻合法化,指所謂大麻合法化後可更有效監管,防止青少年接觸大麻,以及堵塞黑幫其中一個主要收入來源的解釋完全是本末倒置,對青少年釋出錯誤信息。其實,西方主流社會是普遍認同休閒大麻合法化,綜合多項民意調查均顯示支持率是過半數。問題所在,是杜魯多政府急於推行,美其名把執行細節交由各省府自行立法決定,但各省及執法部門根本不夠時間落實各項細節及作好準備。安省省長道格福特就在大麻合法前夕,炮轟總理並無為各省做好準備,令各省同各警隊陷於混亂局面。

警隊設備未能配合執法

道格福特強調,渥太華並沒有為前線警務人員配備足夠措施,協助檢控服用大麻後開車的司機。至截稿日為止,全國各警隊並未購買任何一款路邊大麻檢測儀器。較早前獲聯邦批准的一款測試設備被指性能並不可靠,尤其在冬天寒冷天氣下可能會影響儀器準確性。另外, 安省不同警隊都表示會應對大麻合法化後出現的問題,多倫多警方提醒現時非法經營的大麻零售店,要即時關閉,警方會密切留意,但並沒有透露如何執法及是否立即採取掃蕩行動取締。

多倫多警隊的內部指引同樣引起爭議。多倫多警隊警察總長桑德斯表示, 研究表明,大麻成份中的四氫大麻酚(THC)最多可以在人體內存留長達 28 日,因此建議警員在執行公務前的 28 天內,都不能使用大麻。工會及部份警員認為有商討空間,因為溫哥華和渥太華警方,只要警察在抵達工作崗位時,能夠「適合履行職責」,就允許其使用休閒大麻。加軍亦只限制所有軍事人員在上崗前8小時使用大麻,在接觸或操作武器之前的 24 小時禁止使用大麻。不過,最嚴格的是亞省卡加利警隊,他們對需要攜帶槍械執勤的警員,完全禁止以任何形式使用休閒性大麻,以確保他們能夠正常完成所有任務。

另一項引起廣泛關注的是容許吸食休閒大麻的地點。安省政府在 9 月底宣布,修改《安省禁煙法》(Smoke-Free Ontario Act)允許省民在能夠吸煙的地方吸食大麻。這一消息隨即引起各界爭議,普遍認為此舉會令大麻充斥街頭、公園,二手大麻問題亦會困擾普羅大眾。不過,省長道格福特兩日後改變主意,聲稱要禁止在公園、遊樂場等可能有兒童的地方吸食大麻,與自己較早前公布的法案自相矛盾。

萬錦市禁止公共場所吸食大麻

由於信息混淆,萬錦市市議會早著先機,在大麻合法前夕召開特別會議,制訂比省府更嚴格的標準,全體十一名議員一致通過全面禁止在公共場所吸食大麻的新附例,違例者將被罰款最高一千元。 公共場所的定義包括市政中心、公園、市府物業、公眾停車場、公路及高速公路、小路及市府街道、學校及日託中心、購物商場或零售點、商業樓宇及附屬停車場等。 萬錦市市長薜家平表示,新附例是市議會在過去數周廣泛收集民意後制定的 。萬錦市議會較早前已通過,禁止在市內有任何地方開設大麻零售店。

萬錦市的大麻新附例會否被省府推翻,到截稿日為止仍是未知數,但相信還有其他城鎮會跟隨仿效。休閒大麻合法化雖然已經成為事實,但多項配套細則含糊不清,除上文提及的吸食地點問題及各警隊執法困難外,還有吸食大麻人士與進出美國及本國不同省份的問題,吸食者的權益及非吸食者的保障等等, 均須要儘快一一釐清。相信未來一段日子仍有不少細節甚至相關法律訴訟會引起爭議, 市民應繼續向三級政府反映意見,表達訴求。願上主繼續祝福加拿大這片樂土,不願街頭巷尾充斥刺鼻的二手大麻味道, 更不希望因為吸食大麻後駕駛而導致的交通意外大幅上升。在此,想起主耶穌在十字架上的其中一句話:「...父啊,赦免他們,因為他們所作的,他們不曉得...」(路23:34)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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