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【事事關心】收納基督徒難民

 

P20

 加拿大外交部長 Chrystia Freeland(右)親自在機場迎接沙特阿拉伯少女 Rahaf Mohammed Al-Qunun


上月中,一件加拿大全國大事被主流傳媒鋪天蓋地去報導。原籍沙特阿拉伯少女在曼谷向全球網民求救,在往澳洲途中被泰國政府扣留時,道出要求作難民的呼籲。這位年僅 18 歲的 Rahaf Mohammed Al-Qunun 一瞬間就被加國接收,更令人想不到的是,她受到加國的外交部長 Freeland 親身在機場作英雄式的歡迎。

這本來的確是十分令加拿大人自豪的一件事﹐能夠幫助一位聲稱因意圖脫離伊斯蘭教而受到迫害的人,伸出援手救她肯定是既人道也合乎聖經教導的行為。基督徒向伊斯蘭教徒釋出基督的愛,也是應該的,與穆斯林溝通,讓他們正確認識基督教信仰,肯定是正確的行為。在現今加拿大國情下,這也是必要的作為。

然而,從另一角度來看,身為自由黨政府的一員的外交部長這次舉動,卻不能不令人懷疑,這種到機場歡迎的行為,實際上是刻意製造一幅圖畫:這位難民受恩於自由黨政府,這形象可能永遠活現在不少難民和移民、甚至其他國民的腦海裡。筆者並非憑空想象,乃是根據自己過往二十多年在溫哥華的聽聞說話。我曾經聽過一些老華僑的透露,他們為何會永遠投票給聯邦的自由黨:因為 1972 年杜魯多(Pierre Trudeau)總理曾經下令大赦,使當時無數在加國非法居留的、合法的留學生、甚至旅遊的,也當然包括這些華人,產生莫大的驚喜,令他們感激這位自由黨的加國總理這種 "恩寵",所以一生一世要回報它 !

談到難民這個問題,我們可以明白到 2015 年秋季聯邦大選時,在短短的一個月之內,為何當時的保守黨在選舉中大敗於自由黨。固然有其他因素導致普遍民心離棄保守黨﹐例如他們執政已經超過 9 年,但當時仍然在民意調查中領先好幾個百分點的總理哈珀(Stephen  Harper),在回應接收敘利亞難民這緊急事情上,讓不少國民覺得他沒有同情心,不像小杜魯多或德國的總理那樣樂意收納那些正在受到戰亂之苦的難民。我從電視上聽到他的言詞和看到他的面部表情,當時心中覺得不妙,感覺保守黨可能因此落敗。

那次聯邦選舉結果證明,不懂得回應緊逼的議題而錯失機會的保守黨,在難民問題上不能打破在很多選民的記憶中的形像,那就是保守黨不樂意收納大量移民,也不同情他們的苦楚和積極去處理這問題,而自由黨是承接 1972 年那種令加拿大人自豪的同情心。粗略估計,在這次難民問題上,保守黨在全國所損失的總選票極可能超過 2 百萬張。

其實,原則上反對收容難民的加國公民只是很少數。那些反對隨便接收難民的人,多數乃出於擔心難民數量過多導致本國的負荷過重。正好像收容一個無家可歸者短期是不太難的事,但若要你同時收容十個人到你的家,這是絕大部份人不能做的。所以,作為一個大社會的管家,總理的首要任務是維護本國公民的權益和安全,不應該將外國人的要求凌駕於本國公民之上。

總理和本國的官員也要十分謹慎考慮,這種高調歡迎一位難民所引出的問題:難民潮。大家應該還記得一年多之前,總理杜魯多在大眾傳媒上說歡迎全世界的人到加國,馬上引起數以萬計人從美國邊界進入加國尋求難民申請。希望此次外交部長 Freeland 親身在機場作英雄式的歡迎的舉動﹐不致令加國重蹈覆轍!

筆者更盼望加拿大聯邦政府收納相同數量的基督徒難民,以履行他對平等觀念的執著。加國也和歐洲很多國家一樣,完全忽略在中東和伊斯蘭國家的基督徒被迫害之境況。雖然在中東國家申請作難民和移民的基督徒不會少於數萬人,但根據傳媒發掘的數字,英國過往三年只接收了少於 30 位從敘利亞申請的基督徒難民。加拿大究竟收容了多少基督徒難民呢 ? 這有待加國政府公佈或有心人士去發掘,但以現任政府的姿態和過往的記錄,相信不會比英國的數字相差很多。

另外,根據 CitizenGO 這機構去年至今的報導,一位巴基斯坦的基督徒女士 Asia Bibi 被法庭判決沒有違反褻瀆法律而獲得釋放,卻因街頭不絕的抗議群眾對她性命的聲討,導致政府要把她 "軟禁"。歐美很多基督徒 (包括筆者)﹐透過全球的傳媒組織向歐美和巴基斯坦政府請願和施壓,希望歐美國家能收容這位被迫害的基督徒。雖然有超過五百多位巴基斯坦的伊斯蘭領袖也曾寫公開信,呼籲穆斯林不要用暴力對待她和其他異教人士,但直至上月中,她仍然處於軟禁中,等待西方國家收容。至今已超過 5 個月,加拿大政府並沒有給她類似上述 18 歲少女那樣的歡迎,連加國的主流傳媒﹐包括 CBC/ CTV 等電視台﹐也都沒有興趣去報導這件事,使不少加國人士感到非常憤慨。為何加國政府不同等對待 Bibi ?

願神在基督徒當中興起有智慧賢能之士,勸諫和幫助加國的掌權者行在祂的公義標準上 :"邦國因有罪過﹐君王就多更換;因有聰明知識的人﹐國必長存。"(聖經箴言28:2)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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