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首頁本期文章十九世紀的戴德生--廿 一世紀依然活現的傳記

【特稿】十九世紀的戴德生--廿 一世紀依然活現的傳記

 

OMF 1

 

好一個明媚的大晴天,時為 2012 年 10 月一個下午。

我弟弟 Benny 剛從香港回歸。他十八年前在我們的爸爸返天家後,便匆匆回港去了。依接待多倫多訪客的慣例,我和妻子 Daisy 亦帶 Benny 到 Niagara-on-the-Lake 一趟。

我們在小徑上的草坪漫步,就在此際,我看見一張熟悉的面孔,是 OMF 正待整裝出發的宣教士。

Ruth(代名)一個星期內便要出發了。我問她:『您怎麼在這裡?』(『您還有幾天便出發上工場了,......』這話沒有說出來。)

她說:『我剛訪尋戴德生的遺跡,就在那邊。還有甚麼特別的原因?』她的聲音有點兒咽哽,指著紀念碑的方向。那就是紀念當年戴德生醫生的宣教事業轟天動地的時刻,展開了基督教宣教工作路向的里程碑。我登時自覺:『還有甚麼別的原因? Albert,你真懵懂!』 我在那一刻,輪到我喉頭咽哽了。

像我這非 OMF 人物,問是一般常理的話兒,但對 Ruth 這 OMF 人物,『還需問麼!』 但我這「笨蛋問話」也實在是有其中的理由的,並非只為自圓其說。

多年前,Ruth 曾以 OMF 身份出工場去。但由於家庭的需要,她不得不回來處理家務。如今,又來到 Niagara-on-the-Lake,我相信她以前一定已到過這地方。不過,無論情境如何,無論 Ruth 是兩度 OMF人物,戴德生的影響動力在 Ruth 的心靈裏,已深深銘刻著,正如保羅在大馬色路上悔改的經歷,主給保羅一次又一次地重溫。(徒:9:3-22; 22:1-15; 26:12-19)。

Ruth 多年前首次從工場回來處理家事,必然十分的失望。她一定會覺得這一趟回程,就如樂譜上的休止符,接著免不了是兩條完結的雙線了,她自以為就此完結了。

OMF 2可是,回到她心愛的工場的意願,在她心中不住地湧動。也許正因這樣,驅使主容許她再度出發,在 2012 年第二次到工場作工。她這種內心的推動渴想,無疑是戴德生的感染。經過這許多年日,火也許熄滅了,但出奇地紅炭依然熾熱呢。Ruth 再度直奔工場! 一個人第二次奉差遣,是神透過戴德生的召喚而去,這畫面多美啊!哈利路亞!

這美麗的畫面觸發我想起另外一個故事,時為 2008 年,主人翁是我其中一個兒子 Cedric。

在那新年假期後,他要求我開車送他回到 McMaster 大學去。在車上,Cedric 開始告訴我他在聖誕節回家前幾天,聽見神的呼聲。他既興奮又嚴肅地,描述當時有一道強光從窗口射進來。那時是早上,而那光比平常強勁和有威力,使他終於俯伏在地,順服從神來溫柔的推動,等候敬聽。好一個哈巴谷先知的功課。Cedric 聽見神吩咐他到中國一個鄉村去事奉祂!我聽了為 Cedric 大為高興。


他心靈完全平靜,他一路沒有披露這事,自聖誕節的日子到那一刻,因他覺得我應該是第一個知道的。哈利路亞,讚美主!

說了些鼓勵的話後,雖然我仍在駕駛,戴德生的模範驟然出現在腦海中。Cedric 與他的女朋友 Rebecca(非真名)的關係也潛進思想裏。但在那一刻,我作了個當機立斷的決定,全為 Cedric 與神的國度著想。

當時的情境不容我修飾對他的勸告,只能直截地要他把這呼召告訴 Rebecca,問她覺得怎樣。若是積極的反應,那就易辦!否則,他就該與她分開一段時間,讓她重新衡量他們之間之友情與關係。

接著,我用戴德生的例子作強調,說:『當他的未婚妻知道戴德生要往中國之後,乞求他留下來。因她的父親是一位銀行家,她更向戴德生保證他可以在父親銀行裏有一份職位,以後生活便會無憂無慮。但戴德生堅守他的異象不移。雖然這不是善惡的問題,而是他的抉擇 (來12:1-3)。他的選擇有更重的屬靈價值,不是為他自己,乃是為千萬失喪的靈魂啊!』

車子裏,一片靜默。於是我為 Cedric 緩和一下。

我指出他們仍十分年輕,Rebecca 未能想像將來過怎樣的生活,這是可以理解的。也許過了兩三年、甚至五年,聖靈趁時機成熟向她再提這事,他們可以恢復交往。

這樣,Cedric 似乎舒緩了一點,答應會向 Rebecca 透露這事。

之後,他們分了手,直到如今。我曾一兩次問他是否掛念著 Rebecca,他說沒有甚麼,不過失去的愛,就是失去了。從心底裏,他不願意搞混了從神而來的「直接命令」。

轉快鏡到今天, Cedric 與一班同心志的加拿大青年人,在多倫多市,市中心以西 Lansdowne 地區植了一個教會。榮耀頌讚都歸與神!

1995 年,二十年前了,我在法國巴黎的全歐洲區華福會議上,聽見戴德生醫生的曾孫戴紹曾牧師分享,作為結語,真是合宜不過了。他說:

『戴德生若沒有弟兄姊妹們的禱告,我就不會生在這世上;我若沒有弟兄姊妹們的禱告,我就不能夠活著站在這裏,與您們同擔福音的工作!』(大意摘要)。

總括來說,對戴德生的生命可以作多方面的透視剖析,像光線四射,給我們學效。真的,戴德生醫生這 150 年 的功業,也成了產業 –是活著的!

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Enger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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