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【職場上的祭司】在創啟國家營商的挑戰

 

最近,我曾探訪一名「工人」,她在創啟國家生活、留學和事奉了接近五年。她多年來與當地人建立關係,學好語言。不過,她的簽證限期將要屆滿,因而陷於兩難局面,不知道該以甚麼可信的身分在這個限制國家居留。她來到這裏,就報讀了語文班,但以學生身分逗留總有限期,總不能永遠是學生啊!後來,她在一家旅行社工作,該旅行社由一班「志同道合的工人」經營,她出任行政人員,故取得工作簽證。可惜,旅行社生意不景,最後更倒閉了。她正為此事禱告,絞盡腦汁想着下一步的去向。事實上,她漸已喜愛這國家,一直籌措該如何留在這地。不過,為尋找適當的平台而可以長期留在這個限制國家,她感到心力耗盡。她知道要在這裏以可信的身分居留,就必須透過穩定而長遠的途徑,取得簽證。即是在這裏合法營商,而且能夠影響和改變當地社會。

在芸芸選擇當中,營商是其中一個平台,也是在封閉國家長期逗留最有效的途徑。因為營商有助同工進入那些傳統宣教士無法踏足的國家,所以這個途徑往往被濫用,給那些對做生意不感興趣或缺乏經驗的人誤用作掩飾。此外,很多華人教會仍對以營商作宣教平台存有懷疑。

我在創啟國家生活及以營商作平台超過二十年,希望跟大家分享宣教事工在這方面的實際情況和挑戰。


1. 營商必須認真

做生意可能會令福音蒙羞,令封閉國家禁止合法的基督教商業活動。基督「工人」不應以從事虛假的工作方式進入那裏。別做一盤「假」生意!我在這裏逗留多年,曾從事多項業務,賺錢的業務有商業翻譯員、進出口代理、食肆合夥人、賓館老闆、商業顧問等。一家以誠信為本、服務至上的公司,可贏得當地人的尊重和信任。

2. 營商須重視業務

做生意要成功,就必須專注業務。實際上,必須勤力工作,這也表示必須投入大量時間和精力來建立業務。在業務初期,會甚少有時間進行宣教活動,這點必須知道和接受。要學習和接受,不必有罪咎感。

3. 營商得靠專家意見

妥善的籌劃,加上聘用適合的僱員,讓你可分配時間同時兼顧業務及事奉。大部分教會的差傳部和宣教機構都沒有充足裝備去評估或監察「工人」的商業活動。開展一盤生意之前,你可先向活躍於商界的人徵求書面意見,以及請他們評估你的業務計劃。很多營商的信徒可能會樂意跟你合夥經營「國度公司」,但我們必須有受教的心態。

4. 營商活動得靠特別才能

主賜予我機會,完成行政工商管理碩士課程,以提升自己的業務。很多「工人」都沒有成功營商應有的分析能力,他們得靠額外資源,也要抽空接受適當的商業技巧訓練。

5. 營商變成賠本生意

有些人認為,做生意就會賺很多錢,因此也有財力維持生計和進行事工。以為在某些國家做生意,特別在非洲地區,就可以為宣教事工帶來收入來源,這個想法並不切實際。這個宣教平台的目標並非自力養生,不過,我感謝神賜予支持我的「家庭」。二十多年來,他們一直對我不離不棄,從沒間斷給我支援。他們知道我若忙於賺取收入,就無暇進行事工。「工人」應該為事工做好詳細預算,然後說服資助者支持,而不是以自僱形式來維持生計。若然爭取支援遇上困難,營商也絕非易走的解決之道。

6. 營商是冒險的

有研究對結業的公司進行調查,結果顯示,平均五家公司之中,有四家會在首五年倒閉。對於那些希望同時宣教及營商的「工人」來說,這確是壞消息。賺快錢並不容易,捷足先登的都是精明的商人。投入大量精力和時間,往往只能得到蠅頭小利,因此,我們必須做好準備,例如做點可行性研究或市場調查,確定業務能賺取良好的收入。

7. 營商與作見證混淆

當地人一般期望基督教的「工人」奉獻他們的時間,進行基督教服務工作,而不是嘗試做生意,否則這些「工人」重視的便是金錢。另外,若然你在做生意,別人就會認為你很富有,向你借貸或求助,索取金錢。不錯,我們或會引起誤解,但仍可生活言行一致,證明營商是與社會建立重要的人際關係,造福他人,並且慷慨助人。

別誤會,做生意不是空想,而是現實!我不反對營商宣教的概念,但你若選擇以宣教工人的身分營商,就會遇到上述挑戰,必須明白你即將面對的處境。

營商多年以來,我都能以勤勞、誠信和恪守商業操守,見證信仰,不是所有「工人」都是如此。我可以見證,「營商」在整體更新變化方面,扮演着策略性的角色,也對當地社會帶來影響。

(作者生於遠東,並於西方接受教育,能操流利的阿拉伯語,在過去二十年間,在阿拉伯世界積極拓展天國事業。)

(本文原載於香港差傳事工聯會出版之《往普天下去》2010.4-6 月號,蒙允轉載)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

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